Franks later led the fight against the Taliban in Afghanistan as well as the war against Iraq as Commander of the U.S. Central Command.
“And so, one of our responsibilities-in fact, one of our objectives-is to maintain access to these energy resources,” Franks said.
Now, ten years later, the U.S. Department of Defense is taking a new approach to energy practices by placing far more emphasis on efficiency and sustainability. The military’s implementation of new technologies often pushes markets to become mature and self-sustaining. In 2010, 10 percent of the department’s electric energy was from renewable energy sources. And the future looks greener still for the armed services.
The Navy, for example, is now turning to alternatives. Our main maritime force’s energy technology has advanced since the days of the Continental Navy’s first encounter with King George’s reign at the Battle of Nassau-powered by wind-to coal, then oil, then nuclear power.
The U.S. Department of Defense is the world’s largest institutional energy user and will therefore greatly influence the future of energy innovation, just as it has for many other American technologies and markets. Fortunately, solar heating is a technology set for deployment.
Solar water heating is a clean, reliable and cost-effective technology that is reducing utility bills for thousands of homes and businesses. Today, Americans across the country are at work manufacturing and installing systems that significantly reduce our dependence on imported fuels.
The scale of the military’s purchasing power will widen energy research and development and expedite solar heating technologies to market. The military’s use of solar heating will ultimately result, not only in increased security for the military, but increased opportunities for American jobs and manufacturing.
The military sees its energy needs as a security issue. The risks of transporting fuels to and on the battlefield are significant. During wartime, bases require additional energy; for electronics, lighting, heating and cooling. Better-managed energy use makes sense for facilities.
Alternative and renewable energy can be domestically produced or, when on foreign soil, locally sourced. But what is crucial, both on and off the battlefield, is to also reduce dependence on imported oil and invest in clean energy. This will save soldiers’ lives, allow for more intelligent places to spend the military budget and better protect the country they serve.
DOD manages more than 2 billion square feet of space across 500,000 structures worldwide. One quarter of the department’s energy bill is spent on facilities energy.
In installations overall, DOD has reduced energy use per square foot by about 10 percent since 9/11. But the current goal is more aggressive. Dorothy Robyn, deputy undersecretary of defense for installations and environment, said for technologies that prove effective, the DOD will serve as an early customer.
One promising initiative is the Installation Energy Test Bed program, which began with $20 million in stimulus funds and focuses on energy efficiency, energy management, energy storage, decision-making and renewable energy. The program, which has more than 45 demonstration projects underway, hopes to reduce demand by 50 percent in existing buildings and 70 percent in new construction.
Today, solar heating, solar photovoltaic and geothermal systems are in operation in nearly 500 Department of Defense structures.
The Marine Corps, for example, has installed the largest residential solar thermal project in the U.S.–with 2,200 solar hot water systems–at MCB Camp Lejeune in Jacksonville, NC. The project is a model for military bases across the country. Each house was fitted with one panel that will heat between 45- and 50- gallons of water each day, approximately three-quarters of a family’s hot water needs.
At the Tooele Army Depot in Utah, passive solar heating walls on 11 buildings save $100,000 in annual heating costs. Tooele also installed the Army’s first wind turbine. In San Antonio, 178 solar collectors were installed on the fourteen-story Army Residence Community-a 180 unit apartment building. The system feeds two existing 2.5 MBtu boilers. At maximum output, the facility generates almost 1.5 MBtu’s per hour. The Army’s Ft. Hood in Texas installed solar heating to meet the domestic hot water needs of five dining halls and a fitness center. Meanwhile, at the Kirtland Air Force Base in New Mexico, 72 collectors preheat water for the swimming pool aquatic center.
Over the next few years, the DoD will help accelerate the adoption of many clean energy technologies, including solar heating. That’s not just good news for the military, but good news for America. Solar water heating is affordable and offers the fastest return on investment of any solar technology. A properly designed and installed solar water heating system provides a significant percentage of home or building’s hot water needs. And just as significantly, contributes to America’s security as well.